Curacao Population: 149,035

6 VISITORS FROM HERE!


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview
  
 History
Originally settled by Arawak Indians, Curacao was seized by the Dutch in 1634 along with the neighboring island of Bonaire. Once the center of the Caribbean slave trade, Curacao was hard hit economically by the abolition of slavery in 1863. Its prosperity (and that of neighboring Aruba) was restored in the early 20th century with the construction of the Isla Refineria to service the newly discovered Venezuelan oil fields. In 1954, Curacao and several other Dutch Caribbean possessions were reorganized as the Netherlands Antilles, part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In referenda in 2005 and 2009, the citizens of Curacao voted to become a self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The change in status became effective in October 2010 with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles.

 Geography
Curacao is a part of the Windward Islands (southern) group
Location: Caribbean, an island in the Caribbean Sea, 30 nm off the coast of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates: 12 10 N, 69 00 W
Area: total: 444 sq km
land: 444 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 364 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Climate: tropical marine climate, ameliorated by northeast trade winds, results in mild temperatures; semiarid with average rainfall of 60 cm/year
Terrain: generally low, hilly terrain
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: calcium phosphates, aloes, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruit
Land use: agricultural land: 10% arable land 10%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0% forest: 0%
other: 90% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: Curacao is south of the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatened
Current Environment Issues: NA
^Back to Top
 People
Nationality: noun: Curacaoan
adjective: Curacaoan; Dutch
Ethnic groups: Afro-Caribbean majority; Dutch, French, Latin American, East Asian, South Asian, Jewish minorities
Languages: Papiamento (official) (a creole language that is a mixture of Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, English, and, to a lesser extent, French, as well as elements of African languages and the language of the Arawak) 81.2%, Dutch (official) 8%, Spanish 4%, English (official) 2.9%, other 3.9% (2001 census)
Religions: Roman Catholic 72.8%, Pentecostal 6.6%, Protestant 3.2%, Adventist 3%, Jehovah's Witness 2%, Evangelical 1.9%, other 3.8%, none 6%, unspecified 0.6% (2011 est.)
Population: 149,035 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 20.17% (male 15,327/female 14,733)
15-24 years: 14.46% (male 11,239/female 10,314)
25-54 years: 37.24% (male 27,132/female 28,370)
55-64 years: 13.49% (male 8,706/female 11,396)
65 years and over: 14.64% (male 8,993/female 12,825) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 51.1%
youth dependency ratio: 28.7%
elderly dependency ratio: 22.4%
potential support ratio: 4.5% (2015 est.)
Median age: total: 36 years
male: 33.3 years
female: 39.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.42% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 13.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: -1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 89.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.04% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: WILLEMSTAD (capital) 145,000 (2014)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 7.7 deaths/1,000 live births male: 8.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.3 years male: 76 years
female: 80.7 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.06 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Education expenditures: 4.9% of GDP (2013)
Literacy:
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 18 years male: 18 years
female: 19 years (2013)
^Back to Top
 Government
Country name: Dutch long form: Land Curacao Dutch short form: Curacao Papiamentu long form: Pais Korsou Papiamentu short form: Korsou
former: Netherlands Antilles; Curacao and Dependencies
etymology: the most plausible name derivation is that the island was designated Isla de la Curacion (Spanish meaning "Island of the Cure" or "Island of Healing") or Ilha da Curacao (Portuguese meaning the same) to reflect the locale's function as a recovery stop for sick crewmen
Government type: parliamentary
Capital: name: Willemstad
geographic coordinates: 12 06 N, 68 55 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

note: Curacao is one of four constituent parts (countries) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; the other three parts are the Netherlands, Aruba, and Sint Maarten
Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
National holiday: King's Day, 27 April 1967
Constitution: previous 1947, 1955; latest adopted 5 September 2010, entered into force 10 October 2010 (regulates governance of Curacao but is subordinate to the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - in October 2010, with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, Curacao became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Legal system: based on Dutch civil law system with some English common law influence
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: King WILLEM-ALEXANDER of the Netherlands (since 30 April 2013); represented by Governor Lucille A. GEORGE-WOUT (since 4 November 2013)

head of government: Prime Minister Bernard WHITEMAN (1 September 2015); Prime Minister Ivar ASJES resigned 31 August 2015

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor

elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually elected prime minister by the parliament
Legislative branch: description: unicameral Estates of Curacao or Staten van Curacao (21 seats; members directly elected by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)

elections: last held 5 October 2016 (next to be held in October 2020)

election results: percent of vote by party - MAN 16.2%, MFK 16%, PAR 15.1%, KdnT 10.4%, PNP 8.8%, PS 6.7%, Un Korsou Hustu 6.1%, Movementu Progresivo 5.2%; seats by party - MAN 4, MFK 4, PAR 4, KdnT 3, PNP 2, PS 2, Un Korsou Hustu 1, Movementu Progresivo 1
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Common Court of Justice of Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (consists of judges from the subordinate courts) judge selection and term of office: NA

subordinate courts: first instance courts, appeals court; specialized courts
Political parties and leaders: Korsou di Nos Tur or KdnT [Amparo dos SANTOS] Movementu Futuro Korsou or MFK [Gerrit SCHOTTE] Movementu Progresivo [Marylin MOSES] Movishon Antia Nobo or MAN [Hensley KOEIMAN] Partido Antia Restruktura or PAR [Zita JESUS-LEITO] Partido pa Adelanto I Inovashon Soshal or PAIS [Alex ROSARIA] Partido Nashonal di Pueblo or PNP [Humphrey DAVELAAR] Pueblo Soberano or PS [Ivar ASJES] Un Korsou Hustu [Omayra LEEFLANG]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation:
National symbol(s): laraha (citrus tree); national colors: blue, yellow, white
National anthem: name: Himmo di Korsou (Anthem of Curacao)
lyrics/music: Guillermo ROSARIO, Mae HENRIQUEZ, Enrique MULLER, Betty DORAN/Frater Candidus NOWENS, Errol "El Toro" COLINA

note: adapted 1978; the lyrics, originally written in 1899, were rewritten in 1978 to make them less colonial in nature
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Consul General James R. Moore (since June 2013); note - also accredited to Aruba and Sint Martin
consulate(s) general: J. B. Gorsiraweg
mailing address: P. O. Box 158, Willemstad, Curacao
telephone: [599] (9) 4613066
FAX: [599] (9) 4616489
^Back to Top
 Economy
Most of Curacao’s GDP results from services. Tourism, petroleum refining and bunkering, offshore finance, and transportation and communications are the mainstays of this small island economy, which is closely tied to the outside world. Curacao has limited natural resources, poor soil, and inadequate water supplies, and budgetary problems complicate reform of the health and education systems. Although GDP grew only slightly during the past decade, Curacao enjoys a high per capita income and a well-developed infrastructure compared with other countries in the region. Curacao has an excellent natural harbor that can accommodate large oil tankers, and the port of Willemstad hosts a free trade zone and a dry dock. Venezuelan state oil company PdVSA, under a contract in effect until 2019, leases the single refinery on the island from the government, directly employing some 1,000 people; most of the oil for the refinery is imported from Venezuela; most of the refined products are exported to the US and Asia. Almost all consumer and capital goods are imported, with the US, the Netherlands and Venezuela being the major suppliers. The government is attempting to diversify its industry and trade and has signed an Association Agreement with the EU to expand business there. In 2013, the government implemented changes to the sales tax and reformed the public pension and health care systems, including increasing the sales tax from 5% to as high as 9% on some products, raising the age for public pension withdrawals to 65, and requiring citizens to pay higher premiums. Most of Curacao’s GDP results from services. Tourism, petroleum refining and bunkering, offshore finance, and transportation and communications are the mainstays of this small island economy, which is closely tied to the outside world. Curacao has limited natural resources, poor soil, and inadequate water supplies, and budgetary problems complicate reform of the health and education systems. Although GDP grew only slightly during the past decade, Curacao enjoys a high per capita income and a well-developed infrastructure compared with other countries in the region. Curacao has an excellent natural harbor that can accommodate large oil tankers, and the port of Willemstad hosts a free trade zone and a dry dock. Venezuelan state oil company PdVSA, under a contract in effect until 2019, leases the single refinery on the island from the government, directly employing some 1,000 people; most of the oil for the refinery is imported from Venezuela; most of the refined products are exported to the US and Asia. Almost all consumer and capital goods are imported, with the US, the Netherlands and Venezuela being the major suppliers. The government is attempting to diversify its industry and trade and has signed an Association Agreement with the EU to expand business there. In 2013, the government implemented changes to the sales tax and reformed the public pension and health care systems, including increasing the sales tax from 5% to as high as 9% on some products, raising the age for public pension withdrawals to 65, and requiring citizens to pay higher premiums.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.128 billion (2012 est.) $3.02 billion (2011 est.) $2.96 billion (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.128 billion (2012 est.) $3.02 billion (2011 est.) $2.96 billion (2010 est.) note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $5.6 billion (2012 est.) GDP (official exchange rate): $5.6 billion (2012 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 3.6% (2012 est.) 2% (2011 est.) 0.1% (2010 est.) 3.6% (2012 est.) 2% (2011 est.) 0.1% (2010 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $15,000 (2004 est.) GDP - per capita (PPP): $15,000 (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: aloe, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruit aloe, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruit
Industries: tourism, petroleum refining, petroleum transshipment, light manufacturing, financial and business services tourism, petroleum refining, petroleum transshipment, light manufacturing, financial and business services
Industrial production growth rate: NA% NA%
Labor force: 73,010 (2013) 73,010 (2013)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 1.2%
industry: 16.9%
services: 81.8% (2008 est.) agriculture: 1.2% industry: 16.9% services: 81.8% (2008 est.)
Unemployment rate: 13% (2013 est.) 9.8% (2011 est.) 13% (2013 est.) 9.8% (2011 est.)
Budget:
Taxes and other revenues: 16.6% of GDP (2012 est.) 16.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
Public debt: 33.2% of GDP (2012 est.) 40.6% of GDP (2011 est.) 33.2% of GDP (2012 est.) 40.6% of GDP (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.6% (2013 est.) 2.8% (2012 est.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.6% (2013 est.) 2.8% (2012 est.)
Exports: $1.607 billion (2011 est.) $1.44 billion (2010 est.) $1.607 billion (2011 est.) $1.44 billion (2010 est.)
Exports - commodities: petroleum products petroleum products
Imports: $1.285 billion (2011 est.) $1.275 billion (2010 est.) $1.285 billion (2011 est.) $1.275 billion (2010 est.)
Imports - commodities: crude petroleum, food, manufactures crude petroleum, food, manufactures
Exchange rates: Netherlands Antillean guilders (ANG) per US dollar - 1.79 (2015 est.) 1.79 (2014 est.) 1.79 (2013) 1.79 (2012 est.) Netherlands Antillean guilders (ANG) per US dollar - 1.79 (2015 est.) 1.79 (2014 est.) 1.79 (2013) 1.79 (2012 est.)
^Back to Top
 Energy
Electricity - production: 1.785 billion kWh (2012 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 968 million kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2009 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2011 es)
Refined petroleum products - production: 531.1 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 72,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 211,100 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 291,700 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2009 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2009 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2009 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2009 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2011 es)
^Back to Top
 Communications
Telephone system:

international: country code - 599
Broadcast media: government-run Telecuracao operates a TV station and a radio station; several privately owned radio stations
Internet country code: .cw
Internet users: total: 138,750 percent of population: 93.9% (July 2014 est.)
^Back to Top
 Transportation
Roadways: total 550 km
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Willemstad oil terminal(s): Bullen Baai (Curacao Terminal) bulk cargo port(s): Fuik Bay (phosphate rock)
^Back to Top
 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Military branches: no regular military forces; the Dutch Government controls foreign and defense policy (2012)
Military service age and obligation: no conscription (2010)
^Back to Top
 Transnational Issues
^Back to Top


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview


   Source: CIA - The World Factbook
 

Flag Counter